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Technically, Hop Along is a band from Philly, but because the lead singer went ultimate outcast manhwa to MICA, I think of them as a Baltimore band I also think of them this way because all my Baltimore friends love lyle's discount tires them I feel like Hop Along belongs to me and my friends as a collective; they aren’t just a band that’s shaped my life and my music tastes, they’re a band that ingest been skyward middleton the soundtrack to many of my relationships If we’re still going chronologically to my own life (we are) Painted Shut was the album that had come out when I first heard of Hop Along It was an instant striking in the way Hop Along’s music always is Frances Quinlan, the lead singer, writes the kind of lyrics that make you work just a little to decipher Her voice distorts words in a raspy, melodic meter that is both contagiously sweet and disarming I find myself singing along, but unless I look up the lyrics, I can’t be sure I know what I’m saying When I do finally look up the lyrics, I find a poem, decoded to find an intricate narrative steeped in musical history and literature Hop Along makes the kind of music I don’t seem to hear anywhere else Sure, they have roots in rock and indie and folk, but they push and intertwine those limit with each song Some have strings, others sustain sing-along style choruses, and others could easily incite slam pits Some of their songs are purposefully choppy, melodies and choruses halting correctly when you’re halfway through getting into their groove, switching up in a sudden, alarming way The albums find cohesive regardless of this scope of genres and refrains, looped together by familiar riffs, repeating lyrics, and, ultimately, Hop Along’s fantastic skill in constructing songs I don’t know if this is really something that makes sense, only listening to Hop Along makes me feel smart In the sense that reading The Odyssey and Pablo Neruda and actually understanding it without going on spark notes, listening to Hop Along feels similar It feels like a band I can be proud of loving without pretention[1] Maybe it’s just that I feel like a cool Art Kid who can pull off a beanie[2] when I play their albums Maybe it’s that I’m an English John_Major and listened to Painted Shut while reading Moby Dick, thus always associating the two with each other Maybe it’s that I have a crush along Frances Quinlan for being smart and funny and cool and pretty and good at music Probably, it’s a combination of all of those things But mostly, I think for sale by owner brooklyn ny I like Hop Along because they’re just Good, which doesn’t need any further justification morgan stanley certificate of deposit rates I also really love their newest album, Bark Your Head Off, Dog And their older album, Get Disowned Painted Shut is the middle child of these three, and I feel like they intertwine with each other, making morgan stanley certificate of deposit rates conversation across the years Listen to Hop on here Migratory Notes 191 “We take to make sure that farmworkers get replacement income immediately ” A new study of California farmworkers finds that most who experience COVID symptoms preserve working, reports the Desert Sun Photo by Jay Calderon/The Desert Sun Know someone who might like migrant Notes? Please help us spread the word: Here’s the subscribe form and here’s an archive on Medium Got a story or an immigration-related resource or opportunity we should know about? Send it on! #MustRead It’s long been an open secret: To pay debts for migrating, Associate_in_Nursing unknown number of teens work overnight shifts in dangerous factories before going to school In order for minors to be unblock from immigrant detention, their sponsors moldiness promise to support them financially and ensure they attend school But often these promises are not kept once they are out of U S custody, reports ProPublica in an investigation into violations of child labor laws that have provoked little to no action from authorities “Working overnight allows the teens to attend school during the day But it’s a brutal trade-off,” writes Melissa Sanchez “Their bodies bear the scars from cuts and other on-the-job injuries ” Biden Administration Democrats have promised comprehensive immigration reform for nearly two decades, but as Biden prepares to take office, some activists are questioning whether it is the best way forward, reports Newsweek “Their main beef with CIR, they said, is that Republicans increasingly call for more border militarization and more interior enforcement against immigrants, and the negotiation eventually no longer benefits activists and the community,” writes Adrian Carrasquillo Instead, many are calling for the “Here to Stay” platform that leave a pathway to citizenship, dismantles ICE and ends immigrant detention Biden tapped former Obama administration official and Cuban Jewish refugee Alejandro Mayorkas as his pick to lead DHS He ultimate outcast manhwa would be the first Latino and immigrant to serve in the role Mayorkas played a key role in the implementation lyle's discount tires of DACA and many immigrant advocates glorify the decision, reports Voice of America What will the Biden administration face IN a transfer of powers on immigration? The Washington Post created a deep dive on the different issues “Navigating between activists’ demands for ampere total rejection of Trump’s policies and the complex reality at the border — where communities on the U S side are among the hardest-hit by the pandemic — will be a challenge for Biden from his first day in office,” write Nick Miroff and Maria Sacchetti Here are some of the policy changes immigrant advocates say they want to see from the Biden administration: Trump Admin The Trump administration’s sentence may be limited, but it is still pushing its immigration schedule through rule-changes and administrative policies, reports Politico Some actions can be enacted swiftly — like a rewrite to the citizenship trial_run and limits to work permit for immigrants awaiting deportation But others can’t yet go into effect because of the mandatory waiting period Recent Trump Administration moves: Border Crossings & Rapid Expulsions Experts report a worrying pitch to “unusual, dangerous and risky smuggling tactics” along the Arizona border as a result of border wall construction and increased enforcement, reports the Arizona Republic Law enforcement said they’ve documented an increase in the use of stash houses to hold migrants hostage for ransom and more dangerous encounters between law enforcement, smugglers and migrants Nearly 1,000 unaccompanied minors were apprehended after crossing the border with Mexico over the span of 6 days in November, reports CBS News The data was used to justify a request to suspend a tourist_court order that does not allow immigration officials to rapidly expel bush_league during the pandemic U S officials also report an increase in border crossings by immigrants from land other than Mexico, particularly Haiti and Honduras, reports Fox San Antonio Census The Supreme Court decided it will not rule on a case to exclude undocumented immigrants from the census until the numbers are reported to Congress, which will likely be after Trump leaves office In arguments Monday, conservative Supreme courtroom justices seemed skeptical of the legality of Trump’s attempt to exclude undocumented immigrants from the census because the Constitution states the count should include the “whole issue of persons” in each state They also questioned whether the Census Bureau can provide an accurate count on the numerate of undocumented immigrants that would impact the number of congressional seats, and expressed their disinclination to rule without this information Pregnant Immigrants Trump’s immigration policies have created a maternal health crisis, reports The New York Times in a serial on pregnancy and immigrants Under the Remain in Mexico program, many pregnant women who would have been able to receive care in the U S were forced to live in blue conditions in shelters or the Matamoros tent camp in Mexico The pandemic and hurricane Hanna aggravate an already precarious situation for these women and girls, reports Longreads Meanwhile, in the U S the public charge rule has led many undocumented pregnant women in the U S to forgo necessary medical care, despite comprise exempt from the rule Doctors report AN increase in no-show rates for prenatal appointments and midwives say they have seen an increase in requests for at-home services COVID-19 & Immigrant Communities As the possibility of widespread vaccination inches closer to becoming a reality, doubts about accessibility and privacy for immigrants and other marginalized populations have grown New York Governor Andrew Cuomo wrote a letter to Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar urging the federal government to take a “fair and equal” attack to vaccination that takes into account undocumented immigrants, reports CBS News for sale by owner brooklyn ny Concerns are also being raised that the information the CDC is requesting to track vaccine distribution could be shared with immigration authorities, reports The New York Times Many organizations and individuals have stepped in to fill the gap in resources for immigrants, given their limited access to federal pandemic relief funds Driver’s license Debate The pandemic has renewed the debate over driver licenses for undocumented immigrants, reports NPR “Not many people would think that this 2-inch past 3-inch piece of plastic would be considered a public health intervention, but it is,” the island of Nantucket’s health director said after an outbreak was traced to four immigrant workers sharing a car Lawmakers in Massachusetts are considering a bill that would allow undocumented immigrants to get a driver’s license And a federal court ruled Monday to uphold angstrom decision to allow undocumented immigrants in New York to apply for a driver’s license, reports Gothamist early states in the South and Midwest are having similar debates Detention The Northwest Detention Center in Tacoma uses solitary confinement more than any other detention center, with some stays in solitary up to 70 days, according to a new report by the University of Washington’s Center for man Rights GEO Group, the private prison company that runs the detention center, denied any allegations of wrongdoing, reports The Seattle Times ultimate outcast manhwa The LA Times sued DHS for records on allegations of sexual abuse at immigrant detention centers after five months without an answer Immigration is an International Issue Documents obtained by Mexican investigative outlet Animal Politico revealed more than 50 cases of immigrants with COVID-19 in detention centers in Mexico since March even though the Mexican government publicly denied any immigrants had tested positive The National Migration Institute conducted less than 80 COVID-19 tests, calling into question whether the office the_right_way handled the pandemic and its effect on immigrants Special Visas The estimated 300,000 foreigners on J-1 cultural exchange visas were left in limbo when the pandemic hit because of the specifications of their visas, reports The Nation They are not considered workers even though they prevail jobs and log 40-hour workweeks, meaning they did not qualify for pandemic assistance from the U lyle's discount tires S morgan stanley certificate of deposit rates or their home governments when they began losing their jobs Follows Immigration Resources & Opportunities Coronavirus Resources Recently released immigration books and films(got one, send it over) Reporting Initiatives about Immigrant Communities Newsletters, Podcasts, & Facebook Groups Curriculum & Campaigns Reporting resources, tools and tips If there’s a story or immigration-related opportunity you think we should consider, please send us an email *Daniela Gerson is a co-founder and the editor of Migratory Notes She is an assistant prof of Journalism at California State University, Northridge and senior fellow at the Center for Community Media (CCM) at the Craig Newmark Graduate School of Journalism at City University of New York (CUNY) Previously she was a community engagement editor at the LA Times; editor of a trilingual hyperlocal publication, Alhambra Source; staff immigration reporter for the New York Sun; and a contributor to outlets including WNYC: New York Public Radio, The World, Der Spiegel, Financial Times, CNN, and The Modern York Times She recently published Digital First Responders: How innovative news outlets are assemble the needs of immigrant communities, a report for the Center for Community Media You can find her on Twitter @dhgerson *Elizabeth Aguilera is co-founder and executive editor of Migratory Notes She is a multimedia reporter for CalMatters where she co-hosts the new political podcast California State of Mind and covers the health and welfare of California’s next generation Previously she covered health care and social services, including immigration for the digital outlet before joining CalMatters Aguilera reported on community health for Southern California Public Radio She’s also reported on immigration for the San Diego Union-Tribune, where she won a Best of the West award for her work on sex traffic between the U S and Mexico; and worked for the Denver Post covering urban affairs and immigration You can find her on Twitter @1eaguilera *Anna-Cat Brigida is a staff writer for Migratory Notes She is a freelance reporter covering immigration and human rights in Mexico and Central America She began covering immigration as a journalism student at USC Annenberg and later moved to central America to work American_Samoa a reporter She has covered the region since 2015 and has been based in elevation Salvador since January 2018 She has also worked AS a Spanish-language writer for Fusion out of the Mexico City office Her work has appeared in the Washington Post, The Guardian, Univision, Louisiana Times, and Al Jazeera, among others You can find her on Twitter @AnnaCat_Brigida *Yana Kunichoff is a special projects editor for Migratory Notes She currently covers public Department_of_Education for Chalkbeat Chicago lyle's discount tires She was project manager for Migrahack 2016 in Chicago She has also produced feature-length documentary and a pop-culture web series for Scrappers Film Group; worked as a fellow with City Bureau, where she won a March 2016 Sidney Hillman award for an investigation into fatal police shootings; and covered race and poverty issues for the Chicago Reporter Her work has appeared in The Guardian, The Atlantic, Pacific Standard and Chicago magazine among others skyward middleton You can find her on Twitter @yanazure *Migratory Notes Advisory Board: Daniel Connolly, Maria Kari, Dan Kowalski, Paola Marizán, Mirta Ojito, Roberto Suro, Phuong Ly, Fernanda Santos Centralized Logging Solution on Elasticsearch Logs are the holy grail for a company to react to any technical issue, identify the root cause, and fix the issue for the customer More and more companies are moving towards predicting the issue and fixing it beforehand so as to improve the customer experience and reduce their costs in reactively fixing it I once worked with a company that give to fly a technician to the customer to inspect the product, identify the malfunctioning part, fly back and take the new part again to the customer The throughout process from getting the call from the customer to finally fixing the product took around 5–8 days, 4 flights, and all the associated expenses Imagine the frustration of the end-user during this whole time At this customer, we implemented a solution to swarm the logs from the product in real-time to the cloud On the cloud, we implemented advanced analytics and ML models to predict the potential issues and also identify anomalies in real-time The technician could now fix the potential problems during routine maintenance visits ML models would forebode the potential problem, its probability and the part to be replaced The technician would take the part along and replace it during the visit By switching to pro-active maintenance and repair, this company saved significant $$, reduced merchandise downtime at the customer, and in turn, improved customer experience and satisfaction Since then, I have worked with various customers (IoT and Big Data) across domains and geographies to implement such a solution Below is a high-level overview of such type_A solution that you lav implement or experiment with The solution uses the following key services: Why Aren’t Boys Threatened with Their Nude Pictures? Bella Thorne’s reputation was put on the line — all because she dared to send someone photos of her body It’s a story like a lot of other stories “Woman takes pictures of her body, sends them to a special person in her life, woman is hacked, woman is blackmailed with her own body ” We’ve seen it happen a lot — the Fappening is the prime example, where over one hundred celebrities had nude pictures leaked This particular story has an unexpected twist When confronted with her own topless pictures, Bella Thorne tweeted them out herself, reclaiming her agency and taking back the power for herself I watched from afar, glad I wasn’t famous and glad she’d had the strength to do something as powerful as that I’m fortunate enough to never have been in that position, and I hope I never am “Fuck u and the power u think u have over me ” — Bella Thorne (link is NSFW) But not everyone agreed Whoopi Goldberg appeared on TV to say she disagreed, that it was a woman’s responsibility to not take these pictures Goldberg says “you” here, but the implicit gender is impossible to deny She’s talking about women Women must be modest, women must not assume they have privacy even in their own homes for sale by owner brooklyn ny Women must take responsibility for their actions What Goldberg doesn’t mention are the perpetrators There’s no talk of how these criminals need to stop hacking women, there’s no discussion of how women’s bodies are consumed illegally and against their will “If you’re famous, I don’t care how old you are You don’t take nude photos of yourself ” — Whoopi Goldberg on The View Let’s get one thing straight This isn’t about women being “sensible” or women making wrong choices Someone hacked into someone’s personal photograph — a criminal offense — and tried to blackmail her with them — also a crime This is not about cybersecurity This is not about common sense This is not about being smart in the internet age This is about women comprise shamed for their sexuality Bella Thorne dared to find herself attractive enough to take a sexy picture, dared to send that out to her partner, dared to think she might escape the consequences of such an action She dared to believe she had the correctly to show her body to one person and no others, and expect her privacy would be respected And she was wrong We are reminded all the time: women are objects, not people on one side, we are told to cover up, be modest, take responsibility for the actions of men We have bodies, later_on all This kind of thing must happen, and we must expect it Let me underline: it is not illegal to take raw pictures of yourself It is not illegal to send them, with consent, to whomever you like It is illegal to distribute them beyond that To say that we should expect that is sickening I haven’t bury the Fappening In 2014, Internet privacy was a hot topic People embody worried — really, really concerned — that people were spying on others’ internet use without their consent When Edward Snowden revealed widespread government surveillance, people were rightfully angry When hackers targeted Target to rob them of the credit card information for 40 million customers, folks were angry ultimate outcast manhwa People were mad that their private, personal data was being wrongfully stolen But they were mad at the people responsible for leaking it Target's security measures weren’t up to snuff Nobody shouted at me for being stupid enough to shop on Target with my credit card online, because it’s common to shop online, and we trust the people take our sensitive details to be careful with them Revenge porn — the sharing of private or sexual images or videos of a person without their consent — is a crime And yet, those same people, the ones glorifying the right to privacy and freedom from illegal hacking, were the same ones distributing those images The same people who are therefore quick to say internet privacy and anonymity is one of the primary necessities for online life are the folks who perpetrate and enjoy these crimes Revenge porn is taken lightly Women have lost their jobs because of revenge porn Women’s entire reputations have been shaped past their naked pictures For daring not only to have a body but to show it to some people? It’s a deed worth decrying The men who leak the images? They don’t tend to face legal repercussions for their actions “Men are largely free to bare their bodies as they choose without repercussion, unless, as is the case of Dave Franco with Allison Brie and Justin Verlander with Upton, the man happens to be in a picture with a young woman, collateral damage ” — Roxane Gay In an ideal world, a nude picture leak wouldn’t be an issue We all have bodies, and many people see us unclothed throughout our lives I don’t think anyone's personify are sinful by themselves — to quote one of my favorite Tumblr accounts, they’re just the meat suits that get us through this life It’s still a crime to hack someone, but there’s something which sets revenge porn and nude photo leaks apart It’s the visceral delectation of taking what women haven’t given — the sick love of objectifying the fair_sex who dare to step out of the modest lines beau_monde has drawn for them— that makes it a big deal The men whose penises are also on display in these leaks? They go unnoticed The men who violate the privacy of these women, who distribute these images, who share them amongst friends with a nictitation and A laugh? They’re lauded as heroes As we enter 2021, the ongoing exploration and penetration of space by human beings is occurring along two related_to but separate paths: government/military on one hand, and private/commercial on the other Of these, the private/commercial ventures are accelerating much more rapidly, involving multiple projects from multiple companies, with the prospect that the private sector might achieve (if Elon Musk of SpaceX has anything to say about it) a manned mission to Mars before any national government agency does so are accelerating much more rapidly, involving multiple projects from multiple companies, with the prospect that the private sector might achieve (if Elon Musk of SpaceX has anything to say about it) a manned mission to Mars before any national government agency does so As for the government/military side of the_States space activities, elemental attention for many years has been focused on launching and monitoring a wide range of reconnaissance satellites In addition, the U S government has worked cooperatively with Russia and other nations in launching and maintaining the International Space Station, which in turn is the ninth habitable space platform to orbit Earth, having been preceded by several Soviet/Russian stations including Salyut, Almaz and Mir, and the U S Skylab Space Force Meanwhile, at the direction of President Donald Trump, the U S established in Dec 2019 a new branch of the Armed Forces known as the U S A Space Force (USSF), to become fully operational over the next 18 months Space Force is the successor to the Air Force Space Command, originally accomplished in 1982, and will function within the Department of the Air Force, meaning the Secretary of the Air Force has overall responsibility for the USSF under the guidance and direction of the writing_table of Defense skyward middleton Additionally, a four-star general known as the Chief of Space Operations (CSO) will serve as the senior military member of the USSF According to the Space Force website, the USSF will organize, train, and equip space-capable forces in order to protect U S and allied interests in space and to provide space potentiality to the joint force USSF responsibilities bequeath include developing military space professionals, acquiring military space systems, and maturing the military doctrine for space operations NASA and the Space Force will partner on matters such as space domain awareness and planetary defense, and Space Force members can also be NASA astronauts For example, Colonel Michael S Hopkins, the commander of SpaceX Crew-1 to the ISS, exist commissioned into the Space Force on December 18, 2020 NASA Despite its cooperative connection with infinite Force, NASA’s primary focus with respect to manned spaceflight has been and remains civilian rather than military Apollo 15 astronaut James Irwin, August 1971 — WikiImages, Pixabay Without doubt, NASA’s proudest accomplishment to this day remains the crewed missions to the moon and back during the years 1968 through 1972, a feat that to date has not follow matched by any other nation or space agency But as of 2021, that will soon change, mainly due to the efforts of various commercial/private companies NASA’s moon missions relied upon the magnificent Saturn V rocket, which to date is still the tallest, heaviest and most powerful launch vehicle ever brought to operational status, and the only rocket that has carried humans beyond low earth orbit The Saturn V was designed under the direction of Wernher von Braun at the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, with Boeing, North American Aviation, Douglas Aircraft Company, and IBM as the lead contractors But the Saturn V is no more Today, NASA’s hopes for manned missions to the moon and beyond rest with the Space Launch System (SLS), potentially the biggest and most powerful launch vehicle in NASA history Its development began in 2011 but has been plagued by delays and cost overruns At present, the first unmanned launch of the SLS is planned for late 2021, with a possible first manned deputation by mid-2023 Meanwhile, other rockets from private/commercial developers are poised to outpace the SLS in the race for manned space travel Top contenders include: SpaceX Space Exploration Technologies Corp SpaceX is an American aerospace manufacturer and space transportation services company headquartered in Hawthorne, California, founded in 2002 by Elon Musk with the main goal of reducing space transportation costs to enable the colonization of Mars SpaceX has developed various launch vehicles, notably its Falcon 9 rocket, as well as the Dragon lading spacecraft SpaceX has flown humans to the International Space Station in its Dragon 2 capsule SpaceX Falcon 9 launch, cape Canaveral — Unsplash Of all commercial companies, SpaceX is by far the current leader in actual mission accomplishments, which include: the first privately funded liquid-propellant rocket to reach orbit (Falcon 1 in 2008) the first private company to successfully launch, orbit, and recover a spacecraft (Dragon inward 2010) the first private company to send a spacecraft to the International Space Station (Dragon in 2012) the first vertical take-off and vertical propulsive landing for an orbital rocket (Falcon 9 in 2015) the first recycle of an orbital rocket (Falcon 9 in 2017) and the first private party to send astronauts to reach and to the International Space Station (SpaceX Crew Dragon Demo-2 and SpaceX Crew-1 missions in 2020) Notable among these achievement was the December 2015 powered vertical landing of a Falcon 9 rocket With this achievement, the Falcon 9 became the only launch vehicle other than NASA’s now retired space shuttle to safely land after orbital flight Since 2015, SpaceX has repeated skyward middleton this landing feat multiple times, including on ocean bring_down platforms In March 2017, SpaceX demonstrated that it could relaunch and safely land a previously flown Falcon 9 Reusability is a key factor in Elon Musk’s strategy to lower the cost of space travel In September 2016, SpaceX introduced the Interplanetary Transport System, a two-stage to scope launch vehicle Originally nicknamed the “BFR” for “big Falcon rocket” but later dubbed Starship, the vehicle is comprised of a Super Heavy first stage and the Starship orbital second stage Taller and heavier than the mighty Saturn V, Starship is Musk’s candidate for manned deep-space travel, including to Mars To date, Starship receive performed a number of successful suborbital test flights and landings, although a hard landing on December 9, 2020 resulted in destruction of the vehicle Once in service, the Starship with its Super Heavy booster will be the largest operational rocket in history Although SpaceX is currently well ahead in the commercial space race, several other companies have entered the fray, including: Rocket Lab Rockeet Lab is a private American aerospace manufacturer and launch service provider, originally founded in New Zealand in 2006 by current CEO Peter Beck The company has developed a sub-orbital sounding rocket named Ātea and a lightweight orbital rocket known as Electron designed to launch small satellites The company established headquarters in California in 2013, and its first commercial launch occurred in November 2018 from newly Zealand Among information_technology products are two innovative rocket engines, the Rutherford and the Curie Virgin Galactic Virgin Galactic is an American spaceflight company within the Virgin Group headed by Richard Branson, which aims to provide suborbital spaceflights to space tourists and suborbital launches for space science missions SpaceShipTwo, Virgin Galactic’s current suborbital spacecraft, is air launched from beneath a carrier airplane have_sex as White Knight Two Branson’s original plan for a maiden flight by late 2009 was repeatedly delayed, most seriously inwards October 2014 by the in-flight crash of VSS Enterprise, the first version of SpaceShipTwo On December 13, 2018, VSS Unity finally achieved the project’s first suborbital space flight with two pilots, gain an altitude of 51 4 miles and officially entering outer space by US standards In February 2019, the project carried three people, including a passenger, on VSS Unity VF-01, reaching an altitude of 55 9 miles and briefly achieving in-flight zero gravity Blue Origin Blue Origin, LLC, an American privately funded aerospace manufacturer and spaceflight services company headquartered in Kent, Washington Founded in 2000 by Jeff Bezos, the company’s strategy for cheap space travel is based, like SpaceX, on reusable launch vehicles Blue Origin is taking an incremental approach from suborbital to orbital flight, with a focus along developing rockets that take off and land vertically Blue Origin New Shepard test launch, 2015 — Image by Blue Origin The company began flight testing its suborbital New Shepard launch fomite in 2015, but as of late 2020 had not yet begun commercial flights information_technology is also spring_up an orbital launch vehicle called new Glenn as well as a large rocket engine dubbed BE-4 In may of 2019, Bezos announced plans to develop a moon lander called Blue Moon, to be ready by 2024 As of 2020, Blue Origin equal part of a consortium of companies working with NASA’s Artemis program aimed at returning humans to the moon United Launch Alliance (ULA) United establish Alliance (ULA), an American spacecraft launch service provider founded in 2006 as a joint venture between Lockheed Martin and Boeing The company manufactures and operates a number of orbital and deep space rocket vehicles Its customers include the U S Department of Defense and NASA The company currently utilizes two heavy-lift, expendable launch systems, the Delta IV Heavy and the Atlas V, with which it has orbited a multifariousness of weather, telecom, national security and scientific satellites In addition, a modified Atlas V is rated for human spaceflight, and to date has launched one unmanned test mission of the Boeing CST-100 Starliner, a capsule capable of carrying up to seven occupants On that flight, the Starliner rendezvoused with the International Space Station, though it did not dock, and later landed safely in New Mexico AS the foregoing demonstrates, humankind is fashioning noteworthy progress toward reliable, routine space travel Humans could return to the moonshine before 2025, and a manned mission to Mars might be accomplished — if Elon Musk is correct — in less than a decade But what about eventual travel to another star system such as Proxima Centauri, our nearest stellar neighbor, some 4 2 light years away? Here, by most accounts, the challenge is currently beyond human capability The Problem inwards a Nutshell Human spacecraft can’t achieve the speed required for a trip of reasonable (even survivable) duration Say, for example, that our vehicle were traveling at the same velocity as voyager 1, until recently the fastest-moving object ever launched by humans at roughly 38,000 miles per hour At that speed, Voyager would take over 75,000 years to reach Proxima Centauri A few months ago, on September 27, 2020, NASA’s Parker Solar dig_into reportedly reached a temporary velocity of roughly 290,000 miles per hour, taking advantage of a powerful gravity assist from the sun No man-made object deliver ever traveled faster But evening at that speed, information_technology would take a spacecraft roughly 9,800 years to reach Proxima Centauri For interstellar travel to be feasible, our spacecraft would have to achieve at to_the_lowest_degree a modest fraction of the speed of light If we could achieve 10% of light speed, for example, our trip to Proxima Centauri would take perhaps 44 years Not impossible to imagine; but still a very recollective time The problem, again, is that we simply don’t have the capability to achieve even 10% of light speed What we’re missing is the energy to reach such speeds All types of spacecraft propulsion currently use some kind of chemical fuel carried within the vehicle This puts a serious fix on maximum speed That speed can be somewhat augmented by, for example, the sort of gravity assist utilized by the Parker Probe; but we’re still just poking along, relative to light speed Wanted: Warp Drive That said, a variety of more exotic concepts have been proposed by propulsion scientists, though in practical terms we can’t do any of them — at least not yet One example is the proposal by physicist Miguel Alcubierre for a literal version of Star Trek’s warp drive, in which the fabric of spacetime is manipulated to achieve relativistic speed Alcubierre has stirred a lively debate as to whether his concept is even theoretically feasible within the limits imposed by Einstein’s general relativity Meanwhile, however, the basic problem remains: even if theory permits it, colossal, probably impossible amounts of energy would beryllium required As of this writing, most reputable scientists doubt that humans will ever achieve anything like warp speed technology If that remains true, then it might also be true that Earthlings will ne'er travel to even our closest stellar neighbors in space, and Star Trek will remain an unfulfilled dream On the other hand, human ingenuity has busted through patent limits time and time again We really don’t know how to do Star Trek yet, even in theory only a one_C years from now? Maybe

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